Starting from the fact that human activities can affect the distribution and abundance of species, ecological systems and genetic diversity, and thus compromise the basis of life everywhere on the planet. It was recognized that the precious reservoir of biological diversity can only be saved at the cost of an international effort of cooperation and financing, supported by the adoption of an appropriate and legally binding international legal instrument.

Finally, this instrument should provide the countries of the South, rich in genetic material, and the countries of the North, rich in technology, a framework which enables them to work together to preserve the common heritage of humanity. This consensus gave birth to the Convention on Biological Diversity, open for signature since the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. This Convention is the first global agreement to cover all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources, species and ecosystems. It is also “a common concern of humanity” and an integral part of sustainable development.


Folder Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity
Folder Aichi Goals
Folder Frequently Asked Questions